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师生停课不停学 韩中以网络教学

自从肆虐全球的新冠状肺炎病毒在我国爆发之后,为阻止疫情愈加严重,政府日前颁布了行动管制令。除了各大行业受影响之外,国内所有幼儿园、政府及私人学校也被迫关闭。但是,虽然疫情的扩散暂时阻断了全国中小学生的开学之路,却也带来了“网络教学”如此崭新的授课方式。如今,为响应“ 停课不停学 ”,全国各地的学校与学府已开始正式采用在线学习平台来进行校内的各种课程,以确保学生们的学习进度不受影响。随着诸如Zoom、Google Classroom之类的应用程序迅速普及化,再加上因疫情影响,政府仍无法批准师生回校上课,因此全国师生必须留在家里继续通过网络上教学,才不会拖延课程进展。

实施“居家自主学习”计划
为了不耽误我校学生的学习进度,我校也在全民抗击新冠肺炎疫情之际正式实施了“ 居家自主学习 ” 计划,呼吁全体学生善用在家的时间进行网上学习。自3月30日(星期一)开始,我校为各班级安排了“网上学习时间表”,每堂课长达一个小时,一天共有四堂课或以上。学生们必须按校方规划之时间表参与网上学习,以维持各科目的教学进度。另外,我校亦启动了“Moodle” 网上学习平台,让老师们透过该平台分享各科的学习资源,同时也让学生们完成老师所发布的学习项目与课业。其中包括语文科、数理科、地理、历史、美术、STEAM等。

韩中如何进行网络教学?
江美俐校长表示,目前我校主要使用网络学习平台“Moodle”以及Zoom来进行网络教学,而对学生们而言也是一个全新的经验。我校在很多年前便有使用“eclass”网络资料库,让学生们通过该资料库下载历年考题。由于疫情的关系,校方便在3月底启动“Moodle”网上学习平台,让全体师生能够通过该平台有效地进行网络教学。

江校长指出,启动该网上学习平台由我校教务处与IT部门一手包办,由于只需通过校内行政系统将1960名学生的资料输入该网上学习平台即可,因此也十分方便。除此之外,老师们也开始按照网上学习时间表使用Zoom来进行各科目的线上教学,并且获得了众多学生的配合,目前也进行得非常顺利。少数老师也因居家网络不稳定而使用Facebook Live授课。 就连商美班的学生们也通过网络教学进行各种美术与设计的课程,可谓在艰难的时刻也不忘教育之本。

江校长表示,虽然网络教学让学生们得以在非常时期进行学习,但也会为师生带来一些困难,而其中最普遍的问题非网络莫属。有些老师及学生的居家网络较差,导致师生无法正常上课。对此,面对网络问题的学生可以通知老师,而老师们可以录制自己的教学过程,并将它上传到该学生的班级群组。另外,由于Zoom软件需付费,每四十分钟便会自动断线,因此需要一直重新登录。为了让网络教学更加方便,校方也资助全体老师购买升级版的Zoom软件,避免不必要的麻烦。

江校长也透露,假如行动管制令持续延期的话,校方依然会采用Moodle网上学习平台以及Zoom来进行网络教学。为了协助考试班的学生们更有效地备考,校方也会延长学生们的学习时间,并且创建班级群组,让学生们有机会与老师讨论和进行发问。IGCSE考试班的学生们也开始进入做历年考题的状态,并通过网络教学更有效地备考。至于统考考试班的学生,他们将按照董总决定的新日期参加考试。不但如此,假如学生们有因学业而面对心理上的压力,我校辅导处亦会给予援助。

江校长坦言每天都会在网络进入不同的班级,监督学生们与老师上课的状况。而学生们都踊跃参与网络教学,每个班级几乎每位学生都有出席,也获得了家长们的大力支持与配合,因此感谢全体师生与家长们的合作。

网络教学 vs 传统教学
江校长指出,网络教学与传统教学最大的差别在于无法与学生们面对面交流,因此无法看到学生们在屏幕前的一举一动,也较难真正了解学生们明白与否。反之,在课堂上学习老师们可以直接看到每位学生的反应,与学生们的互动也较多。虽然如此,老师们都在准备PPT演示这方面付出了许多心思,让学生们得以直接下载,并且从中取得丰富的知识。其次,老师们的资源范围也非常广泛,不仅可以与其他科任老师互相讨论及分享,还可以在董总全马独中老师的资源网站获得更多资料,甚至是与其他国家的专业教师学习网络教学技巧。

她说,网络教学意味着时代的变化,学生们不用出门即可通过无穷的资源增长知识。只要学生们抱着好学、积极的心态面对网络教学,必定会获益匪浅。然而,网络教学的缺点在于唯有知识的传达较占优势,而部分活动如足球、乐团等便无法进行。虽然网络教学带来许多好处,但也替代不了学校的存在。学生们仍然需要校园内充满青春活力的学习氛围,与相同年龄段的人互相交流与合作,这样学习才会更加有趣。

开课防疫措施
为避免疫情扩散,大型活动如义跑、运动会等都不适合进行,而往后的所有活动可能都会受疫情影响。另外,校方已将五月的年中考延后到六月,随后也可能会按照情况进行更改,甚至还会减少一次考试。“校方一定会另行通知关于考试的消息,也必定会让学生们在拥有充足的准备下进行考试。”

假如政府宣布可以复课,校方将会收到有关指南,也会为学生们上课的方式进行调整。江校长透露,校方会安排学生们到较广阔的空间上课,同时也会调整班级人数。校方会重新编排休息时间,并限制食堂内的学生人数。食堂的食物也会进行包装,以提升食物的卫生水平。此外,学生们每天进入校门口时都会测量体温,行政人员和RELA也会给予协助。无论如何,校方都会尽可能安排,以降低疫情扩散的风险,各位学生与家长无需担心。

学费的变动
经过董事会的讨论,校方最终决定往后的学费都保持不变。虽然是在行动管制令期间,但老师们依然很用心地备课,为学生们付出了许多心血。此外,校方会延缓缴交学费的时间,家长们到六月份才缴费也行。至于因疫情冲击而面对经济困难的家长,他们可以写信至校方(studies@hchs.edu.my) 申请助学金或贷学金。校方一定乐意帮助面对经济困难的家长,让学生能够顺利地在韩江中学完成中学生涯。其次,由于宿舍生们在这期间都在居家学习,校方决定将四月份及五月份的宿舍费减一半。

校长有话说
江校长诚心希望凭着大家同心协力地一起抗疫,我国可以早日彻底战胜新冠状病毒,并希望同学们和老师们平安、健康,好好照顾自己。感谢老师们如此用心地进行网络教学,不仅需要时间备课,也需掌握电脑科技,非常不容易。当然,也希望全体学生好好珍惜网上学习的机会,享受最新颖的学习方式,并怀着积极、热忱的学习心态进行网上学习,未来的主人是你。

网络教学对师生有什么影响?
虽然网络教学使教师们的授课方式更加现代化,网络环境下的教学对师生也会产生大量影响。随着行动管制令持续延期,过多的网络生活会影响老师们的备课质量、作业批改量,甚至会影响上课情绪与工作状态。
此外,学生们长期通过网络教学学习,造成网上交际多于现实交际,会使学生们的社交能力变差。在网络环境下,学生们与老师交流过程中,双方不会有太多心理负担,从而产生一种为所欲为、肆无忌惮的心理,比如在上课时捣乱、不专心听课等。另外,长时间盯着手机或电脑屏幕会对师生视力有害,而久坐也会危害身体健康。因此,希望这次的疫情赶快结束,早日迎接胜利的曙光,这样大家便可以安心地返校上课了。

师生有话说
我校教务主任林松锦老师表示,在行动管制令下,网络教学是学生学习的唯一途径。在这个人人都有手机和电脑的时代,学生们得以通过网络顺利地进行学习,令他感到庆幸不已。网络教学目前尚未遇到任何问题,而是网络教学与传统教学不同,要准备的教材和教学方式自然也有差异,因此需要时间学习和适应这个全新的授课方式。他的班级学生配合度都蛮高,只是部分学生往往会在第一堂课因睡迟了而缺席。因此,学生们一定要养成自律的习惯。身为老师的他个人比较喜欢在课堂上与学生们互动的教学方式。但在行动管制令下,网络教学势在必行,因此身为老师必须随着这突如其来的情况下自我调整。

钟洁儿同学(J3E1)表示,网络教学可谓利与弊兼具。它的好处莫过于方便,并且可以通过自由的形式来提供更轻松的学习过程。但是,网络教学也可能带来许多负面影响,譬如部分学生会因缺乏老师的监督而不专心听课,又或是技术上的问题可能会给师生带来许多不便,毕竟并不是所有人都有完善的装备来顺利地进行网络教学。网络教学是现今科技发展先进的证明,而对于不同人,其呈现的效果也会不同。无论如何,最重要的是同学们必须永远具备着自立自学的积极心态,这样网络教学才能在这种非常时期给予同学们更有效的帮助。

If any good has become apparent during this stressful moment of the corona virus, it is that online learning is no longer just a subject being discussed and studied by authorities while schools continue implementing traditional learning- it has been officially put into practice as schools and institutions around our country start to turn to online learning platforms to conduct lessons and courses. Digital apps and software that are free of charge such as Zoom have rapidly increased in popularity as people around the world, be it students or adults, begin to overcome the physical barrier and start carrying out their everyday businesses and routines using technology.

“Study from Home” Initiative
Our school has also been quick to catch up and has launched the “Study from Home” initiative during this pandemic. Starting from 6th of April, the school has been arranging and customising timetables for each class so that students don’t miss out on any lessons. All subjects are included- Chinese, English, Malay, Math, Science, History, Geography, Add Math, Business Studies, STEAM, Accounts and so forth. Each day includes three to five lessons, each class varying depending on the courses they study.

Online Learning at Han Chiang
Madam Kung Bee Lee, the principal of Han Chiang High School, stated that Moodle and Zoom are the main platforms our school is using to carry out online learning. Before this pandemic, our school has already implemented the use of eclass, which is an online platform where our teachers upload past-year papers from internal and external exams to aid students in excelling in their studies by providing them with extra study materials. It is also easier for them to wrap their heads around the exam formats by referring to the resources. However, as schools are closed and students are unable to study, our school deemed it as crucial to take this to another level and established Moodle- a website used by many other private schools- where teachers could upload files and assignments to students. Meanwhile, Zoom is also operated by teachers and students as a substitution to conventional classes. Several teachers use Facebook to carry out their lessons as well, though it is not as popular among faculties. Madam Kung spoke highly of the IT and Studies Department of our school for managing to import the information of 1960 students to the online platforms within two days, making it possible to commence the “Study from Home” initiative in such a short time.

“However, there are certainly some obstacles we faced along the way. Some teachers and students have unstable Internet connection, thus not being able to conduct or receive lessons with clarity.” Nonetheless, Madam Kung stated that they tried to make an effort to enhance their Internet connectivity. Those students who failed to do so have notified their respective teachers, who will record their Zoom lessons and upload them on Moodle or their private Whatsapp groups. A handful of teachers also film their lessons as videos and send them to their students due to their weak connection. Besides that, another problem encountered is the 40-minute-limit applied on Zoom, which proves as quite troublesome as each lesson lasts for an hour. Thus, our school has subsidised 40 teachers-mostly in charge of graduating classes facing external examinations- to upgrade their Zoom app.

“I’ve been supervising different classes on Zoom for the past few weeks and have discovered that all students are pretty cooperative throughout the lessons. Most of the classes have full attendance and parents are also willing to work side by side with the school to achieve our aim.” Madam Kung also expressed that students seem to be very enthusiastic as this is a new experience and learning environment for them and felt that this should be the way, that the youth should have the motivation and passion to acquire more knowledge. She mentioned that should the Movement Control Order extend further, we will still be required to use Zoom and Moodle to conduct our lessons and our school will plan to subsidise more teachers to ensure a smooth and hassle-free learning process. Students’ timetable will be prolonged as well and those who face any stress issues can approach the Counselling Department to receive guidance.

Online Learning Vs. Conventional Learning
Madam Kung stated that the most notable difference between online learning and traditional learning is that online learning lacks social interaction. Teachers aren’t able to fully grasp if the students understand their lessons whereas in class, a quick sweep of the class will allow teachers to comprehend everyone’s reaction. Besides that, online learning enables students to download the powerpoint slides prepared by teachers and can be slowly “digested” instead of having to copy everything down. The teaching resources are also tremendously wide-ranging as our teachers not only exchange materials with other private school teachers in Malaysia, but also with educators from other countries all over the world. “Teachers could upload much more information and details online compared to the knowledge instilled in students during the usual 40-minute lessons at school. The resources are inexhaustible and know no boundaries.” However, Madam Kung strongly believed that schools must still exist as curricular and physical activities such as sports and music can’t be easily carried out through the Internet as teamwork can only be achieved physically. Socialising with peers from the same age groups face-to-face is also a completely different experience in comparison with online interaction. Regarding whether our school will continue using online learning after school reopens, Madam Kung stated that it is completely up to the students to decide as everyone will have had a taste of online learning by then. She personally thought that incorporating online learning with conventional classes will definitely benefit students as the saying goes: killing two birds with one stone.

Alterations to School Fees
As the impact of this pandemic is extremely profound and significant, the Board of Directors has decided to extend the due date of our May school fees to June and our August school fees to September. Besides that, those who live in our school dormitories will only need to pay half of their April fees. However, anyone whose family is facing any economic burden can apply for financial aid from the school, given that they fulfill the criteria and describe their financial situation in a formal letter or an email to studies@hchs.edu.my. Madam Kung voiced that our school and board of directors are willing to help these students finish their studies successfully in Han Chiang High School.

Safety Measures That Will Be Taken
Once the Movement Control Order is lifted and school is resumed, Madam Kung stated that everyone’s temperature will be measured as they step through the front gate and voluntary workers will help maintain order. Classes will also be relocated to more spacious rooms such as the hall or multi-purpose hall. Numbers of students will be reduced as well to meet the government’s direction and recess times will be altered. When students dine at the school canteen, a table can only be sat by a row of students with a certain distance between one another. Food and drinks will also be sold in lunch boxes with lids to ensure the students’ hygiene. The mid-year examination will also be postponed to June or cancelled altogether depending on when school reopens. At the same time, the IGCSE examination which was supposed to be held in May and June are postponed to October and November, where students will have to sit for languages and majoring subjects. Students taking the UEC examination still have to await news from Dong Zong on their latest decision. School events such as Jogathon and Sport’s Day will be cancelled as well.

A Few Words From Madam Kung
At the same time, Madam Kung hoped that everyone could work together to fight against this invisible yet mighty enemy by staying at home.She wanted to express her gratitude and respect to the teachers who have worked really hard during this uncertain period to ensure that students continue to learn and strive for knowledge while quarantining at home. She also advised students to appreciate and make good use of all the resources prepared by the teachers and reminded them that the world belongs to them.

How does Online Learning Affect Education?
Despite the fact that online learning has provided a platform for teaching and learning to be modernised where teachers can reach students with different learning styles with more ease, online education could certainly take its toll on both teachers and students in the long run. As the Movement Control Order continues to be extended, excessive online usage could affect the quality of teachers’ lesson preparations, the amount of marking that needs to be done and even students’ and teachers’ moods. Besides that, online learning requires a hefty amount of self-motivation and time management skills. In the setting of an online environment, many students tend to fall off track as constant urgings from teachers are absent and they are left to fend for themselves armed not with weapons but self-discipline and willpower. In addition, staring at the computer screen for an extensive length of time will strain the eyesight of teachers and students, while sitting in the same position for too long is also harmful to health. Therefore, we thoroughly hope that this pandemic will end soon so that everything could go back to its usual routine.

What Do Our Teachers and Students Think?
Ms. Madahvi, one of our teachers from the English centre, stated that online teaching is a new trend which is extremely helpful during this lockdown period. “It enables us teachers to continue teaching and students to carry on with learning in a convenient and comfortable ambience.” However, she expressed that there is a sole problem she often encounters when conducting lessons online, that is the unstable Internet connection at her house. She often has to disconnect her Zoom meeting sessions and reconnect again once the connection is better, which proves as quite troublesome at times. She also commented on students’ responses toward online learning. “They are on time for class and most of them use the chat box to communicate, which allows two way communication. Overally, they are pretty cooperative during my lessons.” Ms. Madahvi believed that there are both pros and cons to online teaching and traditional teaching. She thought that traditional teaching allows for actual contact between teachers and students, as well as let students study with physical materials such as books, whereas online teaching is a more advanced way of sharing knowledge following the growth of technology and brings teaching and learning to a more enjoyable environment.

Jill Chung from class J3E1 stated that like all things, online learning shoulders both advantages and disadvantages. Convenience, freedom and being able to learn in a more relaxing environment are its benefits, whereas its downsides include hindering teachers from keeping an eye on students which would lead to those with shorter attention spans getting distracted. Besides that, Jill also believed that some technical issues would obstruct students’ learning processes as not everyone has the privilege of possessing the required equipment to take part in online learning. Jill thought that online learning is a testament to the development of technology around the world. “ For different people, the effects that online learning brings may vary but the most important thing is that students should always maintain a positive attitude and be independent, so that we could gain the most out of online learning.”

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